Wind energy is obtained from the wind and is produced from the temperature difference between different geographical areas. Wind energy transforms the kinetic energy generated by the wind into mechanical or electrical energy, through wind turbines or wind turbines. The set of wind turbines installed in supply networks is called a wind farm.
Wind generation is also implemented in Peru, mainly on the coast, due to the influence of the Pacific anticyclone and the Andes Mountains, which generate winds from the southwest along the entire coast.
What are the types of wind farms?
- Onshore wind farms: Are those that are installed on land and represent 90% of the world's wind energy production.
- Offshore Wind Farms: Are those located in the sea and can capture more energy than Onshore wind farms.
What are the types of wind turbines?
- Horizontal axis wind turbines: It is the one whose axis of rotation is parallel to the ground, it is the most common. They are also called HAWT for its acronym in English (Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine). The blades rotate in a direction perpendicular to the speed of the wind. Some of its advantages are that the height of the tower allows the turbine to access current sources of wind and each of the blades receives the power of the wind at any point of rotation. This type of self-generator has great efficiency.
- Vertical axis wind turbines: In this type of self-generators, the blades rotate around a vertical axis. It is also known as VAWT for its acronym in English (Vertical Axis Wind Turbine). Some of the advantages are that the fastening of the blades is easy to design and execute, and that they do not require an orientation system to capture the energy of the wind.